The wonderful women in London, sold Lavender in baskets for a penny and you would receive 6 bunches of lavender. These were sold in markets held in the streets until World War II. During the war, lavender was used as a antiseptic.
Women in the Victorian times would use the dried lavender in the linen cupboard (keep a nice scent, repel moths), in the top of there corset (to attract a mate), for culinary uses in the kitchen.
“The Chelsea Garden” grew garden for the purposes for medicinal, dyeing (for fabrics) and for culinary use. This special garden was founded in 1673. The most crucial herbs and the most valued herbs were grown closer to the house and not out in the designated herb gardens.
Many herbs were used as medicine’s and were used in China, Assyria & Egypt. Dated back in 300 BC to almost the 1st century, one of the Elders in the ancient times of Rome had listed more than 900 plants used for medicine. Many of the plants were to the ornamental design to the garden itself and were in the gardens of the wealthy or in societies like the one founded by the Society of Apothecaries (London).
According to our research, several monasteries all over Europe would grow herbal gardens throughout their land.
Resource: “Traditional Home Book of Herbs” – Michael Janulewicz